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312.00 Shareholder Approval Policy

312.01 Shareholders' Interest

Shareholders' interest and participation in corporate affairs has greatly increased. Management has responded by providing more extensive and frequent reports on matters of interest to investors. In addition, an increasing number of important corporate decisions are being referred to shareholders for their approval. This is especially true of transactions involving the issuance of additional securities.

Good business practice is frequently the controlling factor in the determination of management to submit a matter to shareholders for approval even though neither the law nor the company's charter makes such approvals necessary. The Exchange encourages this growth in corporate democracy. For example, due to the recent growth of officer and director equity - based compensation arrangements and the increased interest of shareholders in this area, companies may determine to submit stock option and similar plans to shareholders for approval, whether or not the Exchange requires such approval.

312.02 Companies Are Urged

Companies are urged to discuss questions relating to this subject with their Exchange representative sufficiently in advance of the time for the calling of a shareholders' meeting and the solicitation of proxies where shareholder approval may be involved. All relevant factors will be taken into consideration in applying the policy expressed in this Para. 312.00 and the Exchange will advise whether or not shareholder approval will be required in a particular case.

312.03 Shareholder Approval

Shareholder approval is a prerequisite to issuing securities in the following situations:

(a) Shareholder approval is required for equity compensation plans. See Section 303A.08.

(b) Shareholder approval is required prior to the issuance of common stock, or of securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock, in any transaction or series of related transactions, to:

(1) a director, officer or substantial security holder of the company (each a "Related Party");

(2) a subsidiary, affiliate or other closely-related person of a Related Party; or

(3) any company or entity in which a Related Party has a substantial direct or indirect interest;

if the number of shares of common stock to be issued, or if the number of shares of common stock into which the securities may be convertible or exercisable, exceeds either one percent of the number of shares of common stock or one percent of the voting power outstanding before the issuance.

However, if the Related Party involved in the transaction is classified as such solely because such person is a substantial security holder, and if the issuance relates to a sale of stock for cash at a price at least as great as each of the book and market value of the issuer's common stock, then shareholder approval will not be required unless the number of shares of common stock to be issued, or unless the number of shares of common stock into which the securities may be convertible or exercisable, exceeds either five percent of the number of shares of common stock or five percent of the voting power outstanding before the issuance.

In addition, the provisions of this Section 312.03(b) will not apply to the sale of stock for cash by an Early Stage Company to (i) a Related Party, (ii) a subsidiary, affiliate or other closely-related person of a Related Party; or (iii) any company or entity in which a Related Party has a substantial direct or indirect interest, provided that the Early Stage Company's audit committee or a comparable committee comprised solely of independent directors reviews and approves of all such transactions prior to their completion.

The exemption in the preceding paragraph will not be applicable to a sale of securities by the listed company to any person subject to the provisions of this Section 312.03(b) in a transaction, or series of transactions, whose proceeds will be used to fund an acquisition of stock or assets of another company where such person has a direct or indirect interest in the company or assets to be acquired or in the consideration to be paid for such acquisition.

The sale of stock to a Related Party that is an employee, director or service provider is subject to the equity compensation rules in Section 303A.08 of the Manual. For example, a sale of stock by an Early Stage Company to any of such parties at a discount to the then market price would be treated as equity compensation under Section 303A.08 notwithstanding the exemption from shareholder approval provided under Section 312.03(b). Consequently, the company would be required to either: (i) obtain shareholder approval of such sale, or (ii) issue such shares under an equity compensation plan that had previously been approved by shareholders and for which shareholder approval under Section 303A.08 is not otherwise required. Moreover, shareholder approval is required if any of the subparagraphs of Section 312.03 require such approval, notwithstanding the fact that the transaction does not require approval under this subparagraph or one or more of the other subparagraphs. (See Section 312.04(a).)

(c) Shareholder approval is required prior to the issuance of common stock, or of securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock, in any transaction or series of related transactions if:

(1) the common stock has, or will have upon issuance, voting power equal to or in excess of 20 percent of the voting power outstanding before the issuance of such stock or of securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock; or

(2) the number of shares of common stock to be issued is, or will be upon issuance, equal to or in excess of 20 percent of the number of shares of common stock outstanding before the issuance of the common stock or of securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock.

However, shareholder approval will not be required for any such issuance involving:

•any public offering for cash;

•any bona fide private financing, if such financing involves a sale of:

•common stock, for cash, at a price at least as great as each of the book and market value of the issuer's common stock; or

•securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock, for cash, if the conversion or exercise price is at least as great as each of the book and market value of the issuer's common stock.

(d) Shareholder approval is required prior to an issuance that will result in a change of control of the issuer.

(e) Sections 312.03 (b), (c) and (d) shall not apply to issuances by limited partnerships.

Amended: December 31, 2015 (NYSE-2015-02).

312.04 For the Purpose of Section 312.03

For the purpose of Section 312.03:

(a) Shareholder approval is required if any of the subparagraphs of Section 312.03 require such approval, notwithstanding the fact that the transaction does not require approval under one or more of the other subparagraphs.

(b) Pursuant to Sections 312.03 (b) and (c), shareholder approval is required for the issuance of securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock if the stock that can be issued upon conversion or exercise exceeds the applicable percentages. This is the case even if such convertible or exchangeable securities are not to be listed on the Exchange.

(c) The Exchange's policy regarding the need to apply to list common stock reserved for issuance on the conversion or the exercise of other securities is described in Section 703.07.

(d) Only shares actually issued and outstanding (excluding treasury shares or shares held by a subsidiary) are to be used in making any calculation provided for in Sections 312.03 (b) and (c). Shares reserved for issuance upon conversion of securities or upon exercise of options or warrants will not be regarded as outstanding.

(e) An interest consisting of less than either five percent of the number of shares of common stock or five percent of the voting power outstanding of a company or entity shall not be considered a substantial interest or cause the holder of such an interest to be regarded as a substantial security holder.

(f) "Voting power outstanding" refers to the aggregate number of votes that may be cast by holders of those securities outstanding that entitle the holders thereof to vote generally on all matters submitted to the company's security holders for a vote.

(g) "Bona fide private financing" refers to a sale in which either:

• a registered broker-dealer purchases the securities from the issuer with a view to the private sale of such securities to one or more purchasers; or

• the issuer sells the securities to multiple purchasers, and no one such purchaser, or group of related purchasers, acquires, or has the right to acquire upon exercise or conversion of the securities, more than five percent of the shares of the issuer's common stock or more than five percent of the issuer's voting power before the sale.

(h) "Officer" has the same meaning as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission in Rule 16a-1(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or any successor rule.

(i) "Market value" of the issuer's common stock means the official closing price on the Exchange as reported to the Consolidated Tape immediately preceding the entering into of a binding agreement to issue the securities. For example, if the transaction is entered into after the close of the regular session at 4:00 pm Eastern Standard Time on a Tuesday, then Tuesday's official closing price is used. If the transaction is entered into at any time between the close of the regular session on Monday and the close if the regular session on Tuesday, then Monday's official closing price is used. Please note that an average price over a period of time is not acceptable as "market value" for purposes of Section 312.03.

(j) The issuance of shares from treasury is considered an issuance of shares for purposes of Section 312.03. (See Section 703.01, Part 1, of the Listed Company Manual regarding required notice to the Exchange of issuance of shares from treasury.)

(k) "Early Stage Company" means a company that has not reported revenues greater than $20 million in any two consecutive fiscal years since its incorporation and any Early Stage Company will lose that designation at any time after listing on the Exchange that it files an annual report with the SEC in which it reports two consecutive fiscal years in which it has revenues greater than $20 million in each year.

Amended: December 31, 2015 (NYSE-2015-02).

312.05 Exceptions

Exceptions may be made to the shareholder approval policy in Para. 312.03 upon application to the Exchange when (1) the delay in securing stockholder approval would seriously jeopardize the financial viability of the enterprise and (2) reliance by the company on this exception is expressly approved by the Audit Committee of the Board.

A company relying on this exception must mail to all shareholders not later than 10 days before issuance of the securities a letter alerting them to its omission to seek the shareholder approval that would otherwise be required under the policy of the Exchange and indicating that the Audit Committee of the Board has expressly approved the exception.

312.06 In the Event

In the event that some or all of the shares to be issued in a transaction subject to shareholder approval under Para. 312.03 must be listed, Exchange procedures will ordinarily permit the filing of applicable listing applications and Exchange approval to precede the shareholder vote subject to notice to the Exchange of the results of the shareholder vote and the issuance of the shares to be listed.

312.07 Where Shareholder

Where shareholder approval is a prerequisite to the listing of any additional or new securities of a listed company, or where any matter requires shareholder approval, the minimum vote which will constitute shareholder approval for such purposes is defined as approval by a majority of votes cast on a proposal in a proxy bearing on the particular matter.

Amended: July 11, 2013 (NYSE-2013-47).